John Cage as known as the pioneer of modern music released the song '4:33' in 1952.
He didn't play or sing anything during 4min 33sec. The voices, coughs, and rustlings of the audience in silence were his intended instruments. Music was just a sound for him.
About 70 years have passed since the release of 4:33.
According to John Cage, now we are listening to a track that will never stop. Then, what is the boundary between music and sound?
When people distinguish between music and sound, they use to mention melody or noise. However, there is music like a warbling bird, just as there is music like the roar of a motorcycle.
Therefore, it will not be easy to define these two.
A glimpse of the two can be seen by looking into a synthesizer, a type of instrument.
The picture above is an electrical signal called the 'sine wave'.
This is a common signal used in electronics, but when it goes through filters, amplifiers, and effects, it turns into the sound of synthesizers we hear.
Not only synthesizers, which were born out of many people's explorations of sounds were already indispensable to musicians but also, since the Fourier's theory, which all sounds can be made with ‘sine waves’ has been mounted to synthesizers in the '80s, it had become a favorite palette of creation that artists looking for.
Synthesizers, capable of mimicking all the sounds we can imagine, played a major role in the musical world and the development of Sci-fi movies, which abstract sound needs.
Hans Zimmer is a representative musician using a synthesizer and has realistically reproduced sounds that could not be realized before, such as the cry of a monster, the voice of a robot, and the sound of a blast.
Hans Zimmer, the great filmmaker
His huge synthesizer, like the building, was the first synthesizer by Bob Moog in 1964
Bjork, a musician who has been the subject of inspiration and attention by the intrinsic approach and interpretation of sound
The concept of a synthesizer that expresses all sounds with only one small signal suggests that there is no intrinsic
difference because the music and sound we hear are also started from nothing.
However, human beings do justice and evaluation on the basis of learning and emotions, therefore the explanation of the two from the synthesizer's point of view is somewhat lacking in objectivity.
Another factor we can infer is psychological effects. The use of this psychology is an ASMR, which is easily accessible through YouTube.
ASMR has proven scientifically how psychology affects human hearing.
When we hear a variety of sounds through ASMR, certain parts of the brain responsible for memory and emotions are activated to remind the past, while the activities for interpretation and understanding are reduced, resulting in the psychological comfort and stress relief.
People still searching for ASMR. Because it scientifically comforts the psychology of modern people, not just a trend.
The boundary between the two that science says
How strong is the psychological factor in distinguishing music and sound?
I realized a surprising fact while raising my fever to answer my questions. At MIT in the United States, they found a sensory organ that distinguishes music and sound.
The nervous system, which distinguishes between music and sound, showed a different form of movements like reacting sensitively and releasing dopamine when the music is heard, not the sound of dogs, cars, or water. Therefore sadly, John Cage's theory of erasing the boundary between music and sound could not have been established.
So, my faith of borderless of music and sound is vague admiration for progressive musicians like John Cage? Perhaps like ordinary people, I also may have listened to the sound and the music in unconsciousness. Even if we can say white is black and black is white, our eyes are not deceived by it.
Perhaps the music and sound defined by the public may have been the answer I was looking for.
"Sound-suit" made by Nick cave who the designer of visualizing sound
Music is instinct
Through the above facts, I finally realized that instinct exists above our rational judgment.
The rational sense, which contributed greatly to the development of musical history, may also be lower than the instinct.
Because we still love old jazz and hip-hop and are still impressed and inspired by them even in fast technologies change.
Loved by the times, these music are based on human instincts such as the rhythm of heart rate, lyrics that stimulate memory, emotion and beats based on traditional rhythm.
In the past, the “work change in worker's work speed according to music” experiment can be the basis for this. Experiments that have been proven in the past, such as "worker's speed change of work by music" can be said to support this.
Many scholars claim that the history of music is older than language.
conclusion all, I can tell the medium that represents human instinct is music.